International Research and Development in Biosensing

Abstract This report reviews international research and development activities in the field of biosensing. Biosensing includes systems that incorporate a variety of means, including electrical, electronic, and photonic devices; biological materials (e.g., tissue, enzymes, nucleic acids, etc.); and chemical analysis to produce detectable signals for the monitoring or identification of biological phenomena. This is distinct [...]

A polysaccharide bioprotonic field-effect transistor

Abstract In nature, electrical signalling occurs with ions and protons, rather than electrons. Artificial devices that can control and monitor ionic and protonic currents are thus an ideal means for interfacing with biological systems. Here we report the first demonstration of a biopolymer protonic field-effect transistor with proton-transparent PdHx contacts. In maleic-chitosan nanofibres, the flow [...]

Towards Biosensing Strategies Based on Biochemical Logic Systems

Abstract Recent advances in biochemical computing, i.e., information processing with cascades of primarily enzymatic reactions realizing computing gates, such as AND, OR, etc., as well as progress in networking these gates and coupling of the resulting systems to smart/responsive electrodes for output readout, have opened new biosensing opportunities. Here we survey existing enabling research results, [...]

Immunoanalytical techniques for analyzing pesticides in the environment

Abstract Affinity-based immunosensing techniques for pesticide analysis have attracted intense interest and have found many applications in environmental monitoring. This article reflects recent advances in immunochemical techniques for environmental analysis and monitoring of pesticides. We highlight development of bioreceptors (e.g., antibodies) against low-molecular-weight organic pollutants, and the use of different transduction elements for detecting physico-chemical, [...]