Wearable Technology for Bio-Chemical Analysis of Body Fluids During Exercise

Abstract This paper details the development of a textile based fluid handling system with integrated wireless biochemical sensors. Such research represents a new advancement in the area of wearable technologies. The system contains pH, sodium and conductivity sensors. It has been demonstrated during on-body trials that the pH sensor has close agreement with measurements obtained using [...]


Novel semiconductor materials for the development of chemical sensors and biosensors: A review

Abstract The aim of this manuscript is to provide a condensed overview of the contribution of certain relatively new semiconductor substrates…The silicon era is initially reviewed providing the background onto which the deployment of the new semiconductor materials for the development of bio-chem-FETs is based on. Subsequently emphasis is given to the selective interaction of [...]


Immunoanalytical techniques for analyzing pesticides in the environment

Abstract Affinity-based immunosensing techniques for pesticide analysis have attracted intense interest and have found many applications in environmental monitoring. This article reflects recent advances in immunochemical techniques for environmental analysis and monitoring of pesticides. We highlight development of bioreceptors (e.g., antibodies) against low-molecular-weight organic pollutants, and the use of different transduction elements for detecting physico-chemical, [...]


Olfactory receptor-based smell nanobiosensors: An overview of theoretical and experimental results

Abstract Mammalian olfactory system is the archetype of smell sensor devices. Its complexity resides both in the odorant mechanism of capture by the single olfactory receptor (OR) and in the space organization and codification of the information. The result is a unique profile for each odorant. Our aim is to partially mimick this system, in [...]


Electrochemical sensing based on carbon nanotubes

Abstract The singular chemical structure and the size of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) provide their extraordinary properties. Many researchers have used the electronic characteristics of CNTs to develop electrochemical analytical methods and sensing devices with improved characteristics. In this overview, we discuss the most significant innovations in electrochemical sensing based on CNTs, as reported in the [...]


Biosensors for life quality: Design, development and applications

Abstract Biosensors, combining a selective biological recognition element and a sensitive transducer, are versatile analytical tools applied more and more in different fields, such as medicine, food quality and safety control, and environment pollution monitoring. They are expected to play an increasingly important role in the improvement of life quality. In this context, the present [...]


Review of analytical figures of merit of sensors and biosensors in clinical applications

Abstract …Health care appears to provide the best opportunity for sensor development. Among the wide range of different sensors and biosensors, electrochemical biosensors are the most common in the clinical field, due to their high sensitivity and selectivity, portability, rapid response time and low cost. This article provides an up-to-date overview of the analytical performance [...]


Recent advances in biosensor techniques for environmental monitoring

Abstract Biosensors for environmental applications continue to show advances and improvements in areas such as sensitivity, selectivity and simplicity. In addition to detecting and measuring specific compounds or compound classes such as pesticides, hazardous industrial chemicals, toxic metals, and pathogenic bacteria, biosensors and bioanalytical assays have been designed to measure biological effects such as cytotoxicity, [...]


Smart electrochemical biosensors: From advanced materials to ultrasensitive devices

Abstract Recent reports…showed unprecedented sensitivities for biomolecular recognition using enhanced electronic amplification provided by new classes of electrode materials (e.g. carbon nanotubes, metal nanoparticles, and quantum dots). Biosensor technology is one area where recent advances in nanomaterials are pushing the technological limits of electrochemical sensitivities, thus allowing for the development of new sensor chemistries and [...]


Prospects for combining chemical and biological methods for integrated environmental assessment

Abstract …Besides deploying a chemicals-driven strategy for the ecological risk assessment of the pollutants, it is necessary to apply and to explore biological strategies. Consequently, bioassays, biosensors and effect-directed analysis (EDA) to identify pollutants responsible of particular effects have become increasingly important. We give a broad overview of how to assess biological monitoring of ecosystems [...]