Sensor Integration in a Wireless Sensor Network System for Environmental Monitoring System

Abstract This paper presents the implementation of the event-driven Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), which is used for environmental monitoring using soil moisture sensors. The problem faced is that the current Wireless Soil Sensor Networks are not reactive to the weather conditions around it. Which means it takes reading samples at constant rate throughout its operation. [...]


Precision agriculture on grassland: Applications, perspectives and constraints

Abstract Precision agriculture (PA) is an innovative, integrated and internationally standardized approach aiming to increase the efficiency of resource use and to reduce the uncertainty of decisions required to control variation on farms. Worldwide, investments in research and technology on PA have considerably increased during the past decades. Advances in agricultural research, combined with application [...]


Landscape Trajectory Analysis: Spatio-temporal Dynamics from Image Time

Abstract Landscape dynamics can be revealed through analysis of image times series. The temporal development of spatial patterns holds significant information about ecosystem processes. Yet, the tools for the characterization of spatio-temporal structure are few. We describe some of the challenges facing spatio-temporal analysis and demonstrate a method for identifying and measuring pattern in image [...]


Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation of Water Quality of Hei River System

Abstract Identification of water quality conditions in a river system based on limited observations is an essential task for meeting the goals of environmental management. Various classification methods have been used for water quality estimation. However, a discrepancy frequently arises from the lack of a clear distinction between each water utilization mode, the uncertainty in [...]


A Concept in Adaptive Ecosystem Management – An engineering perspective

Abstract Uncertainty how ecosystems will behave and look like in the future has been increasing. Several concepts, such as sustainable, adaptive, or risk-based management, were proposed to cope with uncertain, incomplete knowledge, and with changing environmental conditions. However, there is a lack of agreement what those concepts mean and how they differ from traditional forest [...]


Biological monitoring: lichens as bioindicators of air pollution assessment — a review

Abstract Often as part of environmental impact studies…biological indicators are required. This is because such indicators are valid instruments for evaluating the quality of the air ensuing from the subject (often an industrial plant)…In this context, this paper aims to analyse some of the theoretical aspects of biological monitoring and to provide a progress report [...]


A novel system for environmental monitoring through a cooperative/synergistic scheme between bioindicators and biosensors

Abstract This paper addresses environmental monitoring through a robust dynamic integration between biomonitor and biosensor systems…The two systems are conceptually interrelated and methodologically correlated to a cooperative/synergistic scheme (CSS) with a view to minimise uncertainty and monitoring costs and increase reliability of pollution control and abatement… The bioindicator ontology presented herein, including concepts, relations and [...]