Ambient Intelligence at the Beach

Abstract  We describe an experimental public resource monitoring system that combines sensor data and human input to create a new descriptor of ambient water conditions. We call this new metric the swimming pleasure measure. We give an overview of how it is composed, how it relates to existing public water health monitoring efforts and how [...]

Developmental Neurotoxicants in E-Waste: An Emerging Health Concern

Abstract Electronic waste (e-waste) has been an emerging environmental health issue in both developed and developing countries, but its current management practice may result in unintended developmental neurotoxicity in vulnerable populations. To provide updated information about the scope of the issue, presence of known and suspected neurotoxicants, toxicologic mechanisms, and current data gaps, we conducted [...]

An economic way of reducing health, environmental, and other pressures of urban traffic: a decision analysis on trip aggregation

Abstract Background: Traffic congestion is rapidly becoming the most important obstacle to urban development. In addition, traffic creates major health, environmental, and economical problems. Nonetheless, automobiles are crucial for the functions of the modern society. Most proposals for sustainable traffic solutions face major political opposition, economical consequences, or technical problems…. Results: We show here that [...]

Toward Identifying the Next Generation of Superfund and Hazardous Waste Site Contaminants

Abstract Objectives: Our aim was to initiate a dynamic, adaptable process for identifying contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) that are likely to be found in future hazardous waste sites, and to identify the gaps in primary research that cause uncertainty in determining future hazardous waste site contaminants…. Discussion: Superfund-relevant CECs can be characterized by specific [...]

Personal carbon monoxide exposure levels: contribution of local sources to exposures and microenvironment concentrations in Milan

Abstract In the framework of the EXPOLIS study in Milan, Italy, 48-h carbon monoxide (CO) exposures of 50 office workers were monitored over a 1-year period… The effect of gas cooking and smoking and different methods of commuting on the microenvironment and exposure levels of CO were investigated… These findings indicate that high short-term exposures [...]

Toward a Quantitative Estimate of Future Heat Wave Mortality under Global Climate Change

Abstract Climate change is anticipated to affect human health by changing the distribution of known risk factors. Heat waves have had debilitating effects on human mortality, and global climate models predict an increase in the frequency and severity of heat waves. The extent to which climate change will harm human health through changes in the [...]

Application of Modeling for Optimal Localization of Environmental Monitoring Sensors

Abstract The control of environmental phenomena is based on the existence of quantifiable and measurable parameters representative of the phenomena themselves. In the case of studies concerning contaminated aquifers, after an initial step of characterization it is necessary to implement groundwater hydrogeochemical monitoring phases. In the field of groundwater pollution long-term monitoring realized by means [...]

Biosensors for marine applications: We all need the sea, but does the sea need biosensors?

Abstract The aim of the paper is to explain the rationale behind marine biosensor applications, give an overview of measurement strategies currently employed, summarise some of the relevant available biosensor technology as well as instrumentation requirements for marine sensors and attempt a forward look at what the future might hold in terms of needs and [...]