Emerging Patient-Driven Health Care Models: An Examination of Health Social Networks, Consumer Personalized Medicine and Quantified Self-Tracking

Abstract A new class of patient-driven health care services is emerging to supplement and extend traditional health care delivery models and empower patient self-care. Patient-driven health care can be characterized as having an increased level of information flow, transparency, customization, collaboration and patient choice and responsibility-taking, as well as quantitative, predictive and preventive aspects. The [...]


Particulate Matter-Induced Health Effects: Who Is Susceptible?

Abstract Background: Epidemiological, controlled human exposure, and toxicological studies have demonstrated a variety of health effects in response to particulate matter (PM) exposure with some of these studies indicating that populations with certain characteristics may be disproportionately affected…. Data synthesis: We evaluated recent epidemiological studies to identify characteristics of populations potentially susceptible to PM-related health [...]


Complex Causal Process Diagrams for Analyzing the Health Impacts of Policy Interventions

Abstract Causal diagrams are rigorous tools for controlling confounding. They also can be used to describe complex causal systems, which is done routinely in communicable disease epidemiology. The use of change diagrams has advantages over static diagrams, because change diagrams are more tractable, relate better to interventions, and have clearer interpretations. Causal diagrams are a [...]


Toward a Quantitative Estimate of Future Heat Wave Mortality under Global Climate Change

Abstract Climate change is anticipated to affect human health by changing the distribution of known risk factors. Heat waves have had debilitating effects on human mortality, and global climate models predict an increase in the frequency and severity of heat waves. The extent to which climate change will harm human health through changes in the [...]


InSTEDD

Abstract Our work is often focused on addressing life-threatening gaps in communication and knowledge sharing — at the local level our projects have ranged from implementing an appointment reminder system for HIV/AIDS patients in Cambodia to supporting maternal child health workers in Mexico in text-messaging life-saving information to their patients. At the policy level, we [...]


A Survey on Wearable Sensor-Based Systems for Health Monitoring and Prognosis

Abstract The design and development of wearable biosensor systems for health monitoring has garnered lots of attention in the scientific community and the industry during the last years. Mainly motivated by increasing healthcare costs and propelled by recent technological advances in miniature biosensing devices, smart textiles, microelectronics, and wireless communications, the continuous advance of wearable [...]


Wearable Sensors and Systems

Abstract …over the past decade, wearable technology has gained the interest of researchers and clinicians. The motivation for the development of wearable sensors and systems is due to the tremendous benefits that could be associated with long-term monitoring of individuals in the home and community settings…. Comments This introductory journal entry gives an overview of [...]


Combining wireless with wearable technology for the development of on-body networks

Abstract In the area of wearable devices, the issue of comfortable body monitoring is of up most importance. However conventional sensors are generally unsuitable for wearable body monitoring devices either due to their physical structure or their functional requirements. This paper presents a prototype wearable device whereby the breathing rate of a number of subjects [...]


Breathing Feedback Systems with Wearable Textile Sensors

Abstract Breathing exercises form an essential part of the treatment for respiratory illnesses such as cystic fibrosis. Ideally these exercises should be performed on a daily basis. This paper presents an interactive system using a wearable textile sensor to monitor breathing patterns. A graphical user interface provides visual real-time feedback to patients. The aim of [...]


Mobile Heart Health: Project Highlight

Abstract To address psychosocial risks of cardiovascular disease, we integrated on-the-body sensors with mobile therapies for “just-in-time” stress management. Breathing visualizations and cognitive reappraisal cues appeared on the cell phone when a wireless ECG detected deviations from an individual’s baseline heart rate variability. Reactions from participants validated this concept and highlighted the need for a [...]