Unobtrusive physiological monitoring in an airplane seat

Abstract Air travel has become the preferred mode of long-distance transportation for most of the world’s travelers. People of every age group and health status are traveling by airplane and thus the airplane has become part of our environment, in which people with health-related limitations need assistive support. Since the main interaction point between a passenger [...]


Survey on Contemporary Remote Surveillance Systems for Public Safety

Abstract This paper reviews concisely the historical development and current state of the three different generations of contemporary surveillance systems. Recently, in addition to the employment of the incessantly enlarging variety of sensors, the inclination has been to utilize more intelligence and situation awareness capabilities to assist the human surveillance personnel. The most recent generation [...]


Privacy-Aware Object Representation for Surveillance Systems

Abstract Real-time object tracking, feature assessment and classification based on video are enabling technologies for improving situation awareness of human operators as well as for automated recognition of critical situations. To bridge the gap between video signal-processing output and spatio-temporal analysis of object behavior at the semantic level, a generic and sensor-independent object representation is [...]


The eruption of tradition? On ordinality and calculation

Abstract Numerical ordinal rankings (or ratings) are proliferating in the current social and economic world. Many are used to derive and justify relative monetary valuation, by modes of equation and calculation. The article shows how these composite manipulations of order and value tend to produce a parabolic curve: very few at very high value at the top, descending in [...]


Super Sad True Love Story

Abstract In the near future, America is crushed by a financial crisis and our patient Chinese creditors may just be ready to foreclose on the whole mess. Then Lenny Abramov, son of an Russian immigrant janitor and ardent fan of “printed, bound media artifacts” (aka books), meets Eunice Park, an impossibly cute Korean American woman [...]


ACM Tech Pack on Cloud Computing

Abstract Cloud computing promises to radically change the way computer applications and services are delivered, and managed. Although the term means different things to different people, and includes a bit of marketing hype and technical redefinition, the potential benefits are clear. Large datacenters permit resource sharing across hosted applications and lead to economies of scale [...]


False numbers as formalizing practices

Abstract It will be argued that false numbers in working documents, formulae, and business plans are used as temporary or conditional devices to enable rationalization. The social processes of creating formalized practices depend upon activities that are themselves conditional and ephemeral. That is, rather than subvert the ostensible purpose of fixed representation, false numbers make [...]


Becoming a Measuring Instrument

Abstract This article provides an ethnographic examination of olfactory consumer testing in the perfume industry. What kind of reality is generated within such practices? The analysis is focused on one particular testing method used in order to assess the hedonic performance of fine fragrances. The authors observe what happens inside the testing venue. The article [...]


Ambient Intelligence at the Beach

Abstract  We describe an experimental public resource monitoring system that combines sensor data and human input to create a new descriptor of ambient water conditions. We call this new metric the swimming pleasure measure. We give an overview of how it is composed, how it relates to existing public water health monitoring efforts and how [...]


A novel framework for validating and applying standardized small area measurement strategies

Abstract Local measurements of health behaviors, diseases, and use of health services are critical inputs into local, state, and national decision-making. Small area measurement methods can deliver more precise and accurate local-level information than direct estimates from surveys or administrative records, where sample sizes are often too small to yield acceptable standard errors. However, small [...]